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{l Deep Life}
 MessagePosté le: Sam 21 Mai 2016 - 07:10 Répondre en citant  
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{l Deep Life} > urlin.us/2c25i





Until,,,recently,,,,the,,,Lost,,,City,,,carbonate,,,chimneys,,,were,,,thought,,,to,,,be,,,a,,,unique,,,microbial,,,ecosystem,,,,drastically,,,different,,,from,,,any,,,that,,,had,,,been,,,discoveredRecently,,,,we,,,,succeeded,,,,with,,,,the,,,,enrichment,,,,of,,,,butane,,,,oxidizing,,,,archaea,,,,which,,,,form,,,,aggregates,,,,with,,,,partner,,,,bacteria,,,,that,,,,they,,,,appear,,,,to,,,,share,,,,with,,,,anaerobic,,,,methanotrophs,,,,(ANME)In,,addition,,,we,,want,,to,,understand,,the,,discrepancy,,of,,isotopologue,,thermometery,,of,,methane,,formed,,abiotically,,and,,methane,,produced,,via,,methanogenesisTherefore,,,,Prony,,,site,,,represents,,,an,,,interesting,,,transition,,,between,,,continental,,,serpentinite,,,springsThe,,Trieste,,was,,retired,,,and,,for,,a,,while,,the,,Japanese,,remote-operated,,vehicle,,(ROV),,Kaik,,was,,the,,only,,vessel,,capable,,of,,reaching,,this,,depth,,Details.Furnas,,Volcano,,ECS,,Multidisciplinary,,SiteProject,,Investigators:,,Facq,,,Sbastien;,,Kietvinen,,,Riikka;,,LaRowe,,,Doug;,,LeVoyer,,,Marion;,,Price,,,Roy;,,Serovaiskii,,,Aleksandr;,,Yucel,,,Mustafa;,,Steen,,,Andrew;,,Zanon,,,Vittorio,,;,,Miller,,,Quin;,,McDermott,,,Jill;,,Boulard,,,Eglantine;,,Andrade,,,Csar;,,Moreno,,,Luca;,,Huang,,,Jinxiang;,,gonzalez,,,gino;,,Crespo-Medina,,,Melitza;,,Gagliano,,,Antonina,,Lisa;,,Schwarzenbach,,,Esther;,,Padilla-Crespo,,,Elizabeth;,,Nadeau,,,Olivier;,,Cox,,,Alysia;,,Thomas,,,Dana;,,Masotta,,,Matteo;,,Ma,,,Xiaogang;,,Kiseeva,,,Kate;,,Jesus,,,Ana,,Patricia;,,Hiplito,,,Ana,,Rita;,,Mikhail,,,Sami;,,Girault,,,Frederic;,,Azua-Bustos,,,Armando;,,Linhares,,,Diana;,,Pratt,,,Katie;,,Fischer,,,Rebecca;,,Silva,,,Catarina;,,Hummer,,,Daniel;,,Gautam,,,Siddharth;,,Viveiros,,,Fatima;,,VISHAL,,,VIKRAM;,,Glenn,,,Ian;,,Baumberger,,,Tamara;,,Osburn,,,Magdalena;,,Pacheco,,,Joana;,,Barry,,,PeterStart,,Date:,,2015-08-31End,,Date:,,2015-09-05Summary:,,At,,the,,beginning,,of,,September,,2015,,,a,,group,,of,,47,,Early,,Career,,Scientists,,(ECS),,met,,at,,the,,University,,of,,the,,Azores,,,Portugal,,,for,,a,,workshop,,sponsored,,by,,the,,Deep,,Carbon,,Observatory,,(DCO)3It,,will,,identify,,proteins,,and,,enzymes,,involved,,in,,active,,C,,and,,N,,utilization,,pathways,,associated,,with,,CH4,,cycling,,and,,will,,establish,,links,,to,,aqueous,,,gaseous,,,and,,isotopic,,geochemistry,,studies.Details.Santa,,Elena,,Ophiolite,,,Costa,,RicaProject,,Investigators:,,Sanchez-Murillo,,,Ricardo,,;,,Crespo-Medina,,,MelitzaStart,,Date:,,2014-06-03End,,Date:,,2014-07-03Summary:,,The,,Santa,,Elena,,Ophiolite,,comprises,,250,,km2,,of,,ultramafic,,rocks,,and,,mafic,,associations,,along,,the,,northwestern,,Pacific,,coast,,of,,Costa,,RicaDetails.Microbial,,,,Diversity,,,,in,,,,the,,,,Deep,,,,Hot,,,,BiosphereProject,,,,Investigators:,,,,House,,,,,Christopher,,,,H.;,,,,Brandt,,,,,Leah,,,,DStart,,,,Date:,,,,2013-04-03End,,,,Date:,,,,2015-07-01Summary:,,,,Site,,,,C0014,,,,from,,,,IODP,,,,ExpThe,,,,extremely,,,,variable,,,,weather,,,,conditions,,,,that,,,,occur,,,,on,,,,the,,,,Santa,,,,Elena,,,,Peninsula,,,,between,,,,the,,,,wet,,,,(May,,,,–,,,,October),,,,and,,,,dry,,,,(November,,,,–,,,,April),,,,seasons,,,,result,,,,in,,,,a,,,,unique,,,,hydrogeological,,,,environmentFood,,,consists,,,of,,,falling,,,organic,,,matter,,,known,,,as,,,'marine,,,snow',,,and,,,carcasses,,,derived,,,from,,,the,,,productive,,,zone,,,above,,,,and,,,is,,,scarce,,,both,,,in,,,terms,,,of,,,spatial,,,and,,,temporal,,,distributionThese,,,,organisms,,,,thrive,,,,in,,,,completely,,,,lightless,,,,and,,,,anaerobic,,,,environments,,,,in,,,,highly,,,,saline,,,,water,,,,that,,,,may,,,,reach,,,,300F,,,,(150C),,,,,drawing,,,,their,,,,sustenance,,,,from,,,,hydrogen,,,,sulfide,,,,,which,,,,is,,,,highly,,,,toxic,,,,to,,,,almost,,,,all,,,,terrestrial,,,,lifeIt,,,,is,,,,located,,,,south,,,,of,,,,the,,,,shallow,,,,Santa,,,,Rosa,,,,Bank,,,,,about,,,,90,,,,miles,,,,south,,,,of,,,,the,,,,island,,,,of,,,,Guam.Douglas,,,,Bartlett,,,,was,,,,the,,,,Chief,,,,Scientist,,,,during,,,,the,,,,James,,,,Cameron,,,,Deepsea,,,,Challenge,,,,Expedition,,,,,February,,,,–,,,,April,,,,,2012To,,our,,knowledge,,,these,,are,,the,,first,,SAGs,,ever,,successfully,,obtained,,from,,deep,,(>,,10,,mbsf),,marine,,sedimentsWe,,now,,have,,40,,single,,amplified,,genomes,,(SAGs),,from,,37.5,,mbsf,,and,,20,,SAGs,,from,,85,,mbsf,,at,,Baltic,,Sea,,Basin,,hole,,60BNotes[edit]The,,major,,goal,,of,,the,,Oman,,Drilling,,Project,,is,,to,,understand,,the,,conditions,,leading,,to,,low-temperature,,serpentinization,,and,,their,,consequences,,for,,carbon,,cycling,,,including,,their,,impact,,upon,,subsurface,,microbial,,communitiesWe,,,have,,,conducted,,,laboratory,,,analyses,,,to,,,fully,,,characterize,,,the,,,carbon,,,content,,,of,,,the,,,serpentinites,,,,the,,,springs,,,,and,,,the,,,carbonate,,,depositsDeep,,,sea,,,fish,,,Deep,,,ocean,,,water,,,Submarine,,,landslide,,,The,,,Blue,,,Planet,,,Adding,,,3,,,more,,,would,,,therefore,,,greatly,,,expand,,,our,,,understanding,,,of,,,the,,,genetic,,,composition,,,of,,,uncultured,,,microorganisms,,,in,,,deep,,,Baltic,,,Sea,,,sediments.Details.Iceland,,,Subglacial,,,LakesProject,,,Investigators:,,,Gaidos,,,,EricStart,,,Date:,,,2007-01-01End,,,Date:,,,2007-12-31Summary:,,,Subglacial,,,lakes,,,beneath,,,the,,,Vatnajkull,,,ice,,,cap,,,in,,,Iceland,,,host,,,endemic,,,communities,,,of,,,microorganisms,,,adapted,,,to,,,cold,,,,dark,,,and,,,nutrient-poor,,,waters,,,,but,,,the,,,mechanisms,,,by,,,which,,,these,,,microbes,,,disseminate,,,under,,,the,,,ice,,,and,,,colonize,,,these,,,lakes,,,are,,,unknownAdditionally,,,,,samples,,,,isolated,,,,from,,,,adjacent,,,,springs,,,,will,,,,be,,,,analyzed,,,,to,,,,provide,,,,an,,,,indication,,,,of,,,,the,,,,genetic,,,,relatedness,,,,between,,,,two,,,,serpentinizing,,,,fluid,,,,seeps,,,,in,,,,Manleluag,,,,National,,,,ParkOur,,,,geochemical,,,,and,,,,isotopic,,,,analyses,,,,indicate,,,,that,,,,abiogenic,,,,hydrocarbons,,,,are,,,,not,,,,utilized,,,,by,,,,the,,,,microbial,,,,communityDetails.Proposition,,,for,,,Sequencing,,,of,,,Amplicon,,,Libraries,,,from,,,Fennoscandian,,,Shield,,,GroundwaterProject,,,Investigators:,,,Bomberg,,,,Malin,,,;,,,Itavaara,,,,MerjaStart,,,Date:,,,2011-01-01End,,,Date:,,,2013-12-31Summary:,,,The,,,microbial,,,communities,,,of,,,the,,,Fennoscandian,,,shield,,,have,,,been,,,characterized,,,by,,,both,,,cultur-dependent,,,and,,,independent,,,methods,,,since,,,the,,,1980sdoi:10.1038/nature072689This,,,project,,,focuses,,,on,,,understanding,,,the,,,relationship,,,between,,,fluid,,,chemistry,,,,mineral,,,phases,,,,and,,,biomass,,,production,,,in,,,subseafloor,,,fluids,,,from,,,a,,,relatively,,,young,,,(8,,,million,,,years),,,oceanic,,,ridge,,,crust,,,that,,,is,,,hydrologically,,,very,,,active,,,and,,,dominated,,,by,,,aquifer,,,mixing,,,with,,,oxic,,,bottom,,,seawaterProjects,,,A,,,Cold-Tolerant,,,,Acetogenic,,,,and,,,Lithoautotrophic,,,Microbial,,,Community,,,in,,,a,,,Subglacial,,,LakeProject,,,Investigators:,,,Marteinsson,,,,Vigg,,,Thr;,,,Gaidos,,,,EricStart,,,Date:,,,2011-01-01End,,,Date:,,,2013-12-31Summary:,,,The,,,east,,,Skaft,,,lake,,,is,,,one,,,of,,,three,,,perennial,,,lakes,,,maintained,,,by,,,volcanic,,,heat,,,under,,,a,,,300-,,,to,,,400-meter-thick,,,ice,,,cap,,,in,,,IcelandDuring,,,,an,,,,expedition,,,,in,,,,March,,,,2013,,,,,we,,,,sampled,,,,a,,,,series,,,,of,,,,alkaline,,,,springs,,,,along,,,,the,,,,peninsula12On,,IODP,,Expedition,,331,,to,,the,,Okinawa,,backarc,,basin,,,several,,tens,,of,,meters,,of,,sediment,,cores,,were,,collected,,in,,close,,proximity,,of,,a,,hydrothermal,,vent,,chainThe,,dominant,,species,,in,,microbial,,mats,,at,,Loihi,,Seamount,,are,,seeded,,by,,subsurface,,populations,,present,,in,,diffuse,,flow,,fluids 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